What is the Role of Dental Cleanings in Preventing Periodontal Disease?

What is the Role of Dental Cleanings in Preventing Periodontal Disease?

Nov 02, 2023

Periodontal disease treatment, often called gum disease, is a common but serious oral health condition affecting the tooth’s supporting structures, including the gums and bone. If left unaddressed, it may lead to the loss of teeth and affect your general health. Fortunately, regular dental cleanings are crucial in preventing periodontal disease and maintaining optimal oral health.

Understanding Periodontal Disease

Before discussing the importance of dental cleanings, it’s important to understand what periodontal disease is. It is a chronic gum and supporting bone inflammation that often begins with gingivitis, distinguished by red, swollen gums prone to bleeding during brushing or flossing. Gingivitis can progress into periodontics, a more severe gum disease, if left untreated.

Causes of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease predominantly stems from the accumulation of plaque, a sticky bacterial layer forming on teeth and gums. Ineffective removal of this layer through adequate oral hygiene can lead it to solidify into tartar, removable exclusively by a dental specialist. Tartar buildup leads to inflammation and infection of the gums, resulting in the progression of periodontal disease.

The Role of Dental Cleanings

Regular dental cleanings, or prophylaxis, are essential for preventing periodontal disease. Here’s how they contribute to your oral health:

  1. Plaque and Tartar Removal

During a dental cleaning, a dental hygienist employs specialized tools to meticulously eliminate plaque and tartar from your teeth surfaces and gumline. This process is essential in preventing the accumulation of harmful bacteria that cause gum disease.

  1. Deep Cleaning

For individuals with early signs of gum disease or gingivitis, a dental cleaning can include a procedure known as scaling and root planing. This deep cleaning goes beyond regular cleaning to remove tartar below the gumline and smooth the tooth roots, promoting gum tissue reattachment.

  1. Check for Early Signs

Regular dental cleanings also allow your dentist in Wall Township or dental hygienist to assess your oral health for early signs of gum disease. Identifying and tackling problems in the initial stages can halt their evolution into a more critical condition.

  1. Education on Proper Oral Care 

Dental professionals use cleanings to educate patients on proper oral care techniques. They can advise on proficient brushing and flossing techniques and suggest oral care products customized to meet individual requirements.

How Often Should You Get Dental Cleanings?

The frequency of dental cleanings and exams depends on your oral health needs. However, in most cases, it is recommended to have a dental cleaning every six months. Some individuals with a higher risk of periodontal disease may need more frequent cleanings to maintain their oral health.

The Link Between Gum Wellness and General Health

Maintaining healthy gums is vital not only for your oral health but also for your overall well-being. Research has shown a significant link between periodontal disease and systemic health conditions like heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory infections. Regular dental exams & cleanings can help prevent gum disease and safeguard overall health.


In summary, dental cleanings are instrumental in preventing periodontal disease. They remove plaque and tartar, check for early signs of gum disease, and provide education on proper oral care. By prioritizing regular dental cleanings, you protect oral health and reduce the risk of associated systemic health issues. Proactive prevention is crucial for sustaining a healthy grin and enhancing overall wellness.

How long does a dental cleaning typically take?

Dental cleanings usually take 30 minutes to an hour, depending on the cleaning required and any dental issues.

Are dental cleanings painful?

Dental cleanings are typically not painful. You may experience some minor discomfort or sensitivity, which is usually well-tolerated.

Can I skip dental cleanings if I have good oral hygiene habits at home?

Even with excellent at-home oral hygiene practices, it’s essential to have regular dental cleanings. Dental professionals can access areas you might miss and detect early signs of periodontal disease or other dental issues.

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